Essentially, the conversion goes the other way around. We don’t convert a list of addresses to a seed. A seed is converted to a list of addresses.
BIP32 described how hierarchical deterministic (HD) wallets work.
BIP39 describers how these can be encoded into mnemonic phrases, or seed words.
There’s an excellent open source tool by Ian Coleman – BIP39 that lets you play around with the various derivation and entropy options. You should, however, be wary of entering any seeds containing funds or using it to generate secure seeds, as always.